Dirassat Journal Economic Issue 2023-06-13T21:29:39+00:00 Abouelkacem HAMDI Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16px;">D</span><span style="font-family: 'Palatino Linotype', 'Book Antiqua', Palatino, serif;"><span style="font-size: 16px;">irassat Journal Economic Issue (</span><span style="color: #2969b0; font-size: 16px;">DJEI</span><span style="font-size: 16px;">) (ISSN: 2676-2013. E-ISSN: 2676-2080) is open access, peer-reviewed Bi-Annual journal publishing theoretical and empirical research papers covering the significant aspects of management, accounting, economics, management information systems, and finance. &nbsp;All articles in </span><span style="color: #2969b0; font-size: 16px;">Dirassat Journal Economic Issue</span><span style="font-size: 16px;"> are </span><span style="color: #e25041; font-size: 16px;">posted online immediately</span><span style="font-size: 16px;"> as they are ready for publication. </span></span><span style="font-family: 'Palatino Linotype', 'Book Antiqua', Palatino, serif; font-size: 16px;">DJEI is published by the Faculty of Economics, Commercial and Management Sciences, University of Laghouat, Algeria. The journal emphasizes theoretical developments and their implementation, empirical, applied, and policy-oriented research. The journal's purpose is to improve communications between, and within, the academic and other research communities, policymakers, and operational decision-makers.</span></p> The role of scientific research in achieving sustainable development in Sudan, econometric study during period 2005-2020 2023-06-13T21:28:47+00:00 Mutaz adam abdalraheem Mohammad Seliyman khalifa mordas agab alla Wmordas122@gmail.comm <p>The study aimed to introduce the reality of scientific research in Sudan and its role in achieving sustainable development which was measured by (gross domestic product) with an emphasis on the size of the agreement on scientific research&nbsp;&nbsp; in Sudan. Civil society and individuals in order to keep pace with development&nbsp; and achieve economic and social balance , so the importance of the study is to highlight the role played by scientific&nbsp; research in achieving sustainable development , which was measured by the gross domestic product in sudan during the period in the 2005-2020, , the study used the descriptive analytical approach and the macro approach, the study came out with the following results , there is a direct relationship between the gross domestic product and the human development index in sudan.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 معتز آدم عبد الرحيم محمد; سليمان خليفة مردس عجب الله Threshold Impact of Monetary Policy in Algeria: Threshold Regression TR 2023-06-13T21:28:54+00:00 Cherifa Bouchaour <p>This study aimed to investigate the extent monetary policy efficiency to controlling the inflation rate, through determine threshold of monetary policy during the period 2017 M01 to 2022 M06 in Algeria. Using Threshold Regression. The econometrics results show that the threshold variable was the exchange rate. Based on the threshold values of EXR, we obtained 03 regimes Where the effect of the EXR was asymmetric between the first and the second and third regime, which highlighted the existence of a direct relationship, and the EXR lead to an increase in the inflation rate, starting from the threshold 119.15959. Also, the effect of money supply was negative in the first regime, and positive in the second regime, while it was not statistically significant in the third. The results also showed that there was no statistically significant effect for each of the requirement reserve rate and the rediscount rate on the inflation</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 شريفة بوالشعور Vertical integration of Sonatrach complex in the Algerian oil industry Analytical study 1962-2022 2023-06-13T21:28:58+00:00 Laid KORICHI <p>In the light of the existence of several strategic alternatives for organizations to compete in the industry to which they belong, the vertical integration strategy appears as one of the most prominent of these strategies that achieve the goal of growth and expansion for organizations in the industry, as this strategy is considered an effective alternative to the costs of market transactions, through the orientation of the organization to practice activities that precede the main activity of the organization itself or the so-called vertical integration back, as well as the orientation towards practicing subsequent activities or the so-called vertical integration forward.</p> <p>From here comes this analytical study to highlight the extent of the vertical integration of the national oil company SONATRACH in the Algerian oil industry, as the institution has taken since independence the strategy of growth and expansion in the oil industry through back vertical integration towards upstream activities and front vertical integration towards downstream activities. The study found that the Sonatrach complex currently owns 154 subsidiaries and partnership companies, of which fifteen are 100% owned covering the various oil industry chain, which enabled it to monopolize the industry in Algeria.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 العيد قريشي The measurement of the effect of internal marketing practices on services quality offered by the Algerian telecom company’s employees (Laghouat agency) by using the partial least squares (PLS) method 2023-06-13T21:29:02+00:00 Abdelhamid Naidjate <p>The main objective of this study is the measurement of the effect of internal marketing practices on services quality offered by the Algerian telecom company’s employees (Laghouat agency).</p> <p>&nbsp;The study determined an independent variable representing the internal marketing practices through its four dimensions: internal communication, motivation, training, empowerment, and a dependent variable that represents service quality with its five dimensions: Tangibility, Empathy, Reliability, Responsiveness and Assurance.</p> <p>In order to achieve the objectives of this study, a questionnaire was developed to collect the necessary information from the population concerned from which a sample of 91 individuals was selected. The method of modeling structural equations was used as well as the use of partial least squares (PLS) to study the relationship effect between the variables of this study.</p> <p>After validation of the measurement model studied, the study showed a positive effect on validity degrees (0.05), between the internal marketing practices and the service quality offered by the Algerian telecom company’s employees in Laghouat agency.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 عبد الحميد نعيجات E-recommendations and their contribution to shaping the attitude of the Algerian consumer towards national products: Source and Content as decisive factors 2023-06-13T21:29:06+00:00 Haroun Atil Ouissam Hocini Hamza Banarous <p>This study aims to find out how electronic&nbsp; recommendations contribute to shaping the attitude of the Algerian consumer toward national products,&nbsp; especially by source and content, The theoretical aspect of the components of the proposed model for the study was discussed based on the Elaboration likelihood model (ELM), Sample of 390&nbsp; individuals was adopted whose data could be analyzed to get many statistical indicators, The path analysis method was also used as one of the structural equation modeling methods SEM, for that, we used SPSS 26 and AMOS 24 programs, The results concluded The consumer looks at the data received from the source with a simple look (Peripheral route) depending on experience and similarity in an exploratory step, in contrast to the content data, in case of interest, he conducts an accurate analysis of the content by quality; Intensity, and trend according to the central route, which ends up creating a position that has a continuous impact on national products.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 هارون عطيل, وسام حسيني, حمزة بن عروس Modeling the casual relationships between whistle blowing, organizational silence and administrative corruption An empirical study at public administration in the city of Bir el-Ater 2023-06-13T21:29:11+00:00 khaled ali mohamed elhadi difallah <p>This research aimed to study the causal relationship between whistle blowing, the organizational silence, and administrative corruption, in order to highlight the role of the whistle blower in reducing levels of organizational silence, and eliminating administrative corruption. The research sample included 262 employees out of 816, working in a group of public administrations in the city of Bir el-Ater. It is based on the assumption that there is a negative relationship between whistle blowing and organizational silence and administrative corruption.&nbsp; The questionnaire was used as a tool for collecting data related to the research, as it consisted of 36 items distributed on three axes. To test the previous hypotheses, a set of statistical methods appropriate for each test were used, such as the path analysis method and the Hayes Process for the moderator variable. The research concluded that there is a causal relationship between the variables studied, and whistle blowing plays a moderating role in the relationship between organizational silence and administrative corruption.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 خالد علي, محمد الهادي ضيف الله Crowdfunding Platforms as an Entrance to Financial Inclusion in Algeria –Reading of the Indicators and Constraints- 2023-06-13T21:29:16+00:00 Slimane Asma Wahiba Bendaoudia <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>in light of the increasing importance of crowdfunding platforms at the international level and their role in providing the necessary financing to support economic projects and thus enhance financial inclusion, we aim through this paper to shed more light on crowdfunding platforms as one of the most important financing channels that have emerged in the context of the growing role of modern financial technologies. We have reached a conclusion that the Algerian economy achieves sub-standard indicators of financial inclusion and has a modest experience in crowdfunding, which requires the government to expedite laying the ground and the digital, regulatory and legal infrastructure capable of creating opportunities for crowdfunding</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 سليمان أسماء, وهيبة بن داودية Demand side Determinants of Inflation in Algeria A study econometric Using Autoregressive distributed lag model (ARDL) For the Period (1990-2021) 2023-06-13T21:29:20+00:00 Hassiba MADANI Fouad MEDJENAH <p>This study aims to attempt to analyse the impact of many factors affecting Algeria's inflation rates by focusing on the demand-side determinants of total government expenditure, money supply rate, imports of goods and services, and gross domestic product (GDP) over the period )1990-2021(based on the autoregressive distributed lag model (ARDL).</p> <p>The study found that the factors representing Algeria's demand side have a significant short- and long-term impact on inflation as the demand side is still seen as one of the most important determinants of inflation and this is confirmed by the results of the complementary relationship between the study variables, Monetary supply remains the most important determinant of the demand side affecting inflation in Algeria during the study period in the short and long term. the Algerian Government should ensure its control through appropriate fiscal and monetary policies, without losing sight of the obligation to diversify the production structure and eliminate the rent dependence of Algeria's economy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 حسيبة مداني, فؤاد مجناح The Balance of Payments Constrained Economic Growth Model: The Case of Algeria (1980-2019) 2023-06-13T21:29:25+00:00 Amar Boubekeur Belkacem Zairi <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The aim of this study is to test the validity of Thirlwall’s Law in Algeria from 1980 to 2019, which is the first generation or simple model "the balance of payments constraint on economic growth", using the Autoregressive Limit Test (ARDL) model. The experimental results indicate that the import is integrated with the terms of trade and the gross domestic product, and that the growth rates restricted to the balance of payments do not correspond to the real growth rates. Algeria's balance of payments is not a constraint on economic growth.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 عمار بوبكر Beneish’s model for detecting earnings management SAIDAL company for the period from 2018 to 2021 as a model 2023-06-13T21:29:29+00:00 Khaira BOUHALI Zineb LAGGOUN <p>this study, seeks to address the issue of earnings management measurement, as practices that affect financial and accounting information and therefore the decisions of its various users. Several studies have produced models to measure and discover them. Among these models, we find the Beneish 1999 model, which relied on financial reporting data for Consecutive periods, regression and probabilities models to study the relationship between the variables of the model, which enables us to conclude whether the institution relies on these practices.</p> <p>By applying this model to the financial reports of Saidal Company, we concluded that there is no evidence -With the exception of the year 2018- on the potential application of earnings management practices. The study also concluded that the external auditor and the tax administration should rely on these forms to detect profit manipulation, as they are among the authorities responsible for proving the accuracy of the financial statements and that they are free from these methods on the one hand, in addition to their ability to obtain all information accurately on the other hand.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 خيرة بوهالي Financial technology innovation and its role in gaining a competitive advantage Case study of Agricultural and Rural Development Bank (BADR) 2023-06-13T21:29:34+00:00 Abdelkader Yahyaoui Abdelghani Mouloudi <p>The study tried to find out the level of innovation in financial technology as a mechanism to achieve the competitive advantage of the Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development BADR, where the study population consisted of all individuals working in the institution under study in order to analyze the data, 70 questionnaires (study tool) were distributed to the sample, and the hypotheses were tested by the statistical program spss for data analysis, and 52 questionnaires were retrieved and studied by 74.28% of the distributed questionnaires.</p> <p>The study found several results, including: the adoption of the Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development (BADR) with a moderate degree for both innovation in financial technology and the level of competitive advantage, as well as the existence of a statistically significant impact relationship between them in the institution under study, which was explained by a strong correlation coefficient almost completely. The study found that the Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development (BADR) should continue to adopt and develop the concept of innovation in financial technology and pay attention to the requirements related to this in order to develop competitive advantage and achieve sustainable development and leadership.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>innovation; innovation in financial technology; financial technology; competitive advantage; bank of agriculture and rural development</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Abdelkader Yahyaoui Impact of transformational Leadership on innovation Case Study on sonelgaz Corporation Laghouat 2023-06-13T21:29:39+00:00 Ahmida Ferhat <p>This study aime to understand the concept of transformational leadership, and its impact on &nbsp;&nbsp;innovation. Through different perspective. on the Gas and Electricity Distribution Corporation&nbsp; Laghouat Section stuff, the study structure represented by the transformational leadership as independent variable by its dimensions (Idealized Influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, individual Consideration,) and innovation as dependent variable. To reach the study goal, a questionnaire was handed to randomized sample of 32 stuff members. Then analyze it through Structural equation modelling (SME) to form the structure of the study. By using the SPSS software‘s for the statistical analyze, to determine the impact. The results of the study was There is no a statistically effect of transformational Leadership on innovation at 5% level of statistical significance.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ahmida Ferhat