Dirassat Journal Economic Issue http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">D</span><span style="font-family: 'Palatino Linotype', 'Book Antiqua', Palatino, serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">irassat Journal Economic Issue (</span><span style="color: #2969b0; font-size: 14px;">DJEI</span><span style="font-size: 14px;">) (ISSN: 2676-2013. E-ISSN: 2676-2080) is open access, peer-reviewed Bi-Annual journal publishing theoretical and empirical research papers covering the significant aspects of management, accounting, economics, management information systems, and finance. &nbsp;All articles in&nbsp;</span><span style="color: #2969b0; font-size: 14px;">Dirassat Journal Economic Issue</span><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;are&nbsp;</span><span style="color: #e25041; font-size: 14px;">posted online immediately</span><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;as they are ready for publication.&nbsp;</span></span><span style="font-family: 'Palatino Linotype', 'Book Antiqua', Palatino, serif; font-size: 14px;">DJEI is published by the Faculty of Economics, Commercial and Management Sciences, University of Laghouat, Algeria. The journal emphasizes theoretical developments and their implementation, empirical, applied, and policy-oriented research. The journal's purpose is to improve communications between, and within, the academic and other research communities, policymakers, and operational decision-makers.</span></p> en-US b.hamdi@lagh-univ.dz (Abouelkacem Hamdi) a.naidjat@gmail.com (Naidjat Abdelhamid) Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Asset quality in the Algerian banking sector between public banks and private banks for the period (2014-2022) http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3931 <p><em>The aim of the study is to analyze and study asset quality indicators in the Algerian banking sector through comparison between public banks and private banks during the period 2014-2022. The data was collected from the reports of the Bank of Algeria. With the adoption of three asset quality indicators (non-performing loans net of provisions to capital ratio NPL1 and the rate of non-performing loans ratio</em> <em>NPL2) according to the International Monetary Fund’s financial soundness indicators guide, and the indicator (the rate of non-performing loan provisions ratio NPLP) used by the Bank of Algeria), methods were used. Descriptive statistics to determine the mean, the maximum and minimum values of the indicators, and inferential statistics methods (t-test) to determine the differences between the average asset quality indicators of public banks and private banks. It was found that there are statistically significant differences for the (NPL1) indicator and the (NPL2) indicator between public banks and private banks and in favor of public banks, which means that they are more financially stable than their private counterparts, while there are no statistically significant differences for the NPLP indicator between public banks and private banks. As a conclusion, public and private banks have assets of acceptable quality.</em></p> Abdelkader BADENE , Boulerbah BOUKHARI Copyright (c) 2024 Abdelkader BADENE , بولرباح بولرباح https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3931 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 An Econometric Study of The Impact of Agricultural Exports and Imports on Real GDP in Algeria During the Period (1990-2022) http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3895 <p><em>The study addressed the impact of agricultural imports and agricultural exports on Algeria's economic growth during the period 1990-2022 using Bounds testing approaches for the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) methodology, where a standard model of real GDP was built as a function of the two independent variables (agricultural exports and agricultural imports), and the study concluded that there is a significant inverse relationship between agricultural exports and real GDP; which reflects the weak contribution of agricultural production in the formation of GDP, and a direct relationship between agricultural imports and GDP.</em></p> <p><em>The study found a dynamic short-term relationship where the speed of adjustment to equilibrium in the long run was 9.4% (about 10 years and 7 months).</em></p> Chafik BOUBERRIMA , Yassine MOSTEFAI Copyright (c) 2024 شفيق بوبريمة , Yassine MOSTEFAI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3895 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Economic freedom in Algeria and its role in attracting foreign direct investment http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3896 <p>This study aims to highlight the role of economic freedom in attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) in Algeria. It utilizes four international indices that measure various aspects of economic freedom and assess the suitability of the business climate for investment by analyzing Algeria's performance in these indices. The study finds that the volume of FDI flows is positively correlated with the degree of economic freedom. This is because economic freedom provides a favorable, stimulating, and encouraging environment for investors and companies to invest their money in the economy. Algeria's performance has been weak in most of the indices, indicating that it suffers from a low level of economic freedom. This reflects an investment climate that is not qualified to business operations and discourages FDI, with restrictions that limit economic activity and the freedom of individuals and companies to conduct their business</p> Anter KAHLAT , Kamel CHERAYETT Copyright (c) 2024 Anter KAHLAT , Kamel CHERAYETT https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3896 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The level of outsourcing adoption in Algerian commanding institutions - an exploratory study in the Tlemcen region http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3898 <p><em>The study aims to know the level of dependence on outsourcing activity for the subcontractor. To achieve this purpose, we adopted a descriptive analytical method, and studied the case of both the Technical Studies and Completion Company and the Electricity and Gas Distribution Company, by analyzing the outputs of a questionnaire form that included a survey sample consisting of 30 individuals representing the Authority. The results of the study demonstrated a good and high adoption of subcontracting activity in the two institutions under study, with an emphasis on the desire to develop it in the future in a way that allows them to achieve the triple growth of maximizing profits, controlling costs, and reducing the risks and problems that may hinder the adoption of this activity or limit its potential. Its positives</em><em>.</em></p> Amira TARI Copyright (c) 2024 Amira TARI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3898 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Organizational Culture on Organizational Commitment of Individuals in Algeria Telecom –Laghouat- http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3899 <p>This study aimed to examine the impact of organizational culture on the organizational commitment of individuals within Algeria Telecom – Laghouat, as well as the relationship between them. To achieve this, we conducted a survey distributed to a sample of the company's employees. The study revealed that all components of organizational culture values were at a moderate level, and a positive level of organizational commitment among its employees. Through the study, we identified a statistically significant correlation between the two variables, furthermore the study, utilizing gradual regression analysis (stepwise), identified that only two values, namely efficiency and strength, significantly influenced organizational commitment. Conversely, the remaining values (favoritism, reward, order, effectiveness, teamwork, and justice) showed no significant impact.</p> Cherifa BOUSAID1, Rais MERRAD Copyright (c) 2024 Cherifa BOUSAID1, Rais MERRAD https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3899 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Using Artificial Neural Network Model to Forecast the Electricity Consumption in Algeria http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3900 <p><em>Recent events, especially the Russian-Ukrainian War have demonstrated the significance of energy resource, which is generally regarded as one of the most fundamental components of global economies and is classified as a strategic component of economic development. </em><em>In this study, we employed the artificial neural networks to predict the electricity consumption of Algeria using annual data 1980 to </em><em>2022</em><em>. After discussing this method's methodology and the diagnostic phase, the model's Multi-Layer Perceptron neural networks (MLP) were chosen. MLP 3-1-1 was found to be the most effective model. In the forecasting phase, the electricity consumption energy in Algeria was predicted to be 76,83 billion TWh in </em><em>2023 </em><em>and 79,47 billion TWh in </em><em>2024</em><em>, an increase of 3,434%.</em></p> Salaheddine SARI-HASSOUN , Mohamed Abdeldjalil NAMANE , Abdelghani MALIOUI Copyright (c) 2024 Salaheddine SARI-HASSOUN , Mohamed Abdeldjalil NAMANE , Abdelghani MALIOUI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3900 Fri, 28 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Effectiveness of Applying Competitive Intelligence Processes to Marketing Strategies to Support and Develop Academic Library Services An Evaluation Study on A Sample of Saudi Academic Libraries in The Western Region http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3921 <p><em>This study analyzed the locations of Saudi government academic libraries in the western region, with the aim of evaluating the effectiveness of competitive intelligence operations in developing library services, based on a set of competitive strategies that affect the level of those services. The study relied on the content analysis approach to analyze library services that are provided through competitive intelligence operations in order to support and develop library services.</em></p> <p><em>The study reached the following results: Saudi academic libraries in the western region benefited from the competitive intelligence operations represented in (planning - collection - analysis - publishing) to support and develop library services by relying on the products and services strategy, as it provided services and products of high quality, and benefited from Apply a pricing strategy to place value on their products. And they interacted with the place strategy to create a group of physical spaces that serve the beneficiaries when they visit the library. The people's strategy was supported through theoretical and practical training inside and outside the library to hone their skills and enrich their experiences. And interact with the operations strategy to put in place new mechanisms and processes within the library, and implement the promotion strategy in the traditional and electronic forms. Then it benefited from the physical aspects strategy to varying degrees, according to the capabilities of each library</em></p> ALHajji Hani Copyright (c) 2024 ALHajji Hani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3921 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Entrepreneurial culture among Algerian university students http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3930 <p><em>This study aimed to investigate the reality and level of entrepreneurial culture among university students in Algeria, as it is the real wealth of economic and social transformation. In our study, we relied on the descriptive and analytical approach in order to suit the objectives of the study. The statistical program “SPSS” was used to analyze the data and information collected about... Through a questionnaire from a sample of 400 university students, at various levels and specializations. The study found that the degree of appreciation of Algerian university students for the level of their entrepreneurial culture came with an average of 3.72 and a standard deviation of 0.861, which is a high level, with no statistically significant differences at the level of morality (α = 0.05) between the average degrees of appreciation of the members of the study sample. Their level of entrepreneurial culture is attributed to the variables of gender, age, university, and specialization.</em> <em>The study recommended the necessity of generalizing the teaching of entrepreneurship to all university majors to enhance the entrepreneurship culture, while paying attention to students with ideas and projects through support and accompaniment before and during the start of implementing their projects.</em></p> Samira HAROUN , Mahfoud ARABI Copyright (c) 2024 Samira HAROUN , Mahfoud ARABI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3930 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 E-Learning in Algeria: A survey of teachers and students at the University of Tizi-Ouzou on the evaluation of digital platforms (Moodle and Progres) http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3902 <p><em>New technologies have enabled numerous advances in all areas, and the confinement that the world has undergone has highlighted this fabulous tool. NICTs have prevented the global economy from collapsing, thanks in particular to teleworking and distance learning. Algeria has not left behind, since E-learning was introduced and has become widespread despite the end of confinement. The question that arises is this: how do teachers and students perceive these changes, which have been imposed on all Algerian universities in a fairly short space of time, without giving those concerned (teachers, students, admiring staff) time to adapt to them and learn how to use them without prior training? To answer this question, we decided to carry out a survey among students and teachers.</em></p> Rosa TITOUCHE , Lounas HADDADI Copyright (c) 2024 Rosa TITOUCHE , Lounas HADDADI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3902 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Economic determinants of per capita carbon dioxide emissions An econometric comparative study between Algeria and the United States of America during the period (1990-2022). http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3903 <p><em>There is no doubt that estimating the equation of carbon dioxide emissions per capita in Algeria and comparing it with one of the largest countries causing these emissions helps a lot in avoiding the negative environmental waste resulting from it. Therefore, comparative standard studies continuously occupy a special space, and impose themselves as an important scientific branch, given the considerable role played by the power values of this dangerous gaseous substance, like other environmental, economic and social phenomena, in drawing and directing ideal programs and policies.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Through this study, we will try to narrate the reality of carbon dioxide emissions and compare the individual’s share of carbon dioxide emissions between Algeria and the United States by taking the past of this phenomenon as a basis for estimating its equation in terms of some economic variables according to the literature of the study using the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model.</em></p> Merwan Haid Copyright (c) 2024 Merwan Haid https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3903 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Theoretical Foundations of the New Geographic and Territorial Economy http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3904 <p><em>Space in economic analysis has gone from a marginal vision to a general recognition, with the principle that no economic phenomena exist without a specific relationship to territories, regions, and rural areas. The study aims to demonstrate the shift in the economy from land and raw materials and the logistics of means of transport that have emptied certain territories to an immaterial economy that provides territories with a new future.</em></p> <p><em>Philipe Aydalot emphasized the foundations of a new approach to the "territorial economy" through the concept of an innovative environment: in a word. This territorial environment promotes collective learning processes among local actors. Using this historical method, we demonstrate that development is no longer conceived as the result of a simple process of spatial diffusion of new technologies but a process of adaptation and creative adoption by local production systems that incorporate them according to their needs and culture.</em></p> Mounir Louadj , Souhila Kirat Copyright (c) 2024 Mounir Louadj , Souhila Kirat https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3904 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Influence of Insurance Services Marketing on Customer Behavior: A Case Study of Algeria's CAAT Insurance Company http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3905 <p><em>The research problem revolves around the nature of marketing applied in insurance institutions and its implications for their performance. It is crucial to understand the unique characteristics of insurance products and services, which differentiate them from other products. This understanding is essential for highlighting the role and importance of marketing in improving the performance and profitability of insurance companies. Effective marketing enables these companies to serve their customers optimally, a goal that can only be achieved by adopting marketing as a tool that effectively contributes to achieving these objectives.</em></p> Tahar Djamat , Houari Moaredj Copyright (c) 2024 Tahar Djamat , Houari Moaredj https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3905 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Leveraging Artificial Intelligence for Digital Marketing: Insights from SHEIN for VMS Industry http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3908 <p><em>In the current global landscape, where technology-driven data penetration is the hardcore of digital marketing, Artificial Intelligence has gained paramount importance. This paper explores artificial intelligence applied to digital marketing practices through associated technologies. Through qualitative and quantitative approaches, we aim to propose research directions addressing AI challenges firms encounter in marketing. A qualitative interview with VMS Industry’s marketing manager and a quantitative analysis of Hugging Face</em><em>’</em><em>s implementation in SHEIN’s marketing activities were conducted. The results have revealed that using Artificial Intelligence fundamentally redefines how firms’ approach and succeed in their digital marketing practices. SHEIN’s experience in integrating artificial intelligence into its marketing practices could be an emerging solution for gaining visibility on the web. For the VMS Industry, the results have confirmed that Artificial Intelligence</em><em>’</em><em>s selective and targeted use in personalizing interactions with customers and creating visual and textual content is optimized.</em></p> Sonia KHERBACHI , Naima BENKHIDER , Nassim KEDDARI Copyright (c) 2024 Sonia KHERBACHI , Naima BENKHIDER , Nassim KEDDARI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3908 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The impact of the Kanban model on Toyota's agility http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3926 <p><em>This study investigates the working mechanisms of agile organizations by exploring theoretical concepts associated with their practices and applications. The Kanban model is examined as one of the key models contributing to organizational agility, particularly in the context of Toyota's operations. The study focuses on the implications of applying Kanban principles, including visualizing the workflow, limiting work in process, managing the flow, and pulling systems, in improving Toyota's agility. The results show that the implementation of the Kanban model has a significant positive effect on Toyota's agility, highlighting the model's potential as a key driver of organizational agility.</em></p> Inas Hachemi , Madiha Bakhouche Copyright (c) 2024 Inas Hachemi , Madiha Bakhouche https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/djei/article/view/3926 Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000