Exploration of prefabricated building system in housing construction

  • Neha Gupta Shushant School of Art & Architecture, Ansal University, Gurgaon, India
  • Mohammad Arif Kamal Architecture Section, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.
  • Tejwant Singh Brar Shushant School of Art & Architecture, Ansal University, Gurgaon, India
Keywords: Prefabrication, building, construction system, housing, India


The main purpose of this paper is to examine the development and current status of prefabrication       techniques and their application in building construction and why its use is still limited in the housing sector in India and why prefabrication is not being used so far to provide affordable housing to all. Prefabrication is the practice of assembling components of a structure in factories, and then transporting the complete assemblies or sub-assemblies to the construction site where the structure is to be located. The important aspect is how much of a potential difference it can establish so that appropriate development can be implemented. This paper reviews the current prefabrication system scenario for housing in India. The paper begins with a brief introduction about different types of prefabrication system. Subsequent topics address the need of prefabrication and ethical dilemma of technology transfer for prefabricated building system in India.  In this paper, a qualitative descriptive evaluation research method has been used. The research methodology comprises of case studies, visual observation and data collection. Finally, two case studies around the world have been presented to validate and illustrate the various modern trends and application of design and construction methods of prefabricated building system in housing.


Adlakha P. K. & Puri H. C. (2013), Prefabrication Building Methodologies for Low Cost Housing, Institution of Engineers Journal, AR, Vol. 84, 4-9, 2013.

Arieff, A. & Burkhart, B. (2002). Prefab. Gibbs Smith Publisher, Utah, USA.

D’Souza R. (2019), Housing Poverty in Urban India: The Failures of Past and Current Strategies and the Need for a New Blueprint, ORF Occasional Paper No. 187, Observer Research Foundation, India.

Korones, S. (2012), In India, a 10-story tower built in just 48 hours, retrieved on Feb. 24, 2021 from https://www.zdnet.com/article/in-india-a-10-story-tower-built-in-just-48-hours/

Smith, R. E. & Narayanamurthy (2004), Prefabrication in Developing Countries. from Edited book ‘Without a Hitch: New directions in Prefabricated Architecture, University of Utah, USA.

Stott, R. (2014). Construction Halted on SHoP Architects' Atlantic Yards Housing Project, retrieved on Feb. 24, 2021 from https://www.archdaily.com/545230/construction-halted-on-shop-architects-atlantic-yards-housing-project

Teotia M. K. (2014), Housing Poverty in Urbanizing India: Emerging Trends and Concerns, Proceedings of VIII ISA World Congress of Sociology, 13-19 July 2014, Yokohama, Japan.

Young, B. E., Seidu, R. D., Thayaparan, M., & Appiah, K. J. (2020). Modular Construction Innovation in the UK: The Case of Residential Buildings, Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, March 10-12, 2020, Dubai, UAE.

How to Cite
Gupta, N., Arif Kamal , M., & Singh Brar, T. (2021). Exploration of prefabricated building system in housing construction. Journal of Building Materials and Structures, 8(1), 19-31. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4567209
Original Articles