Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr <p style="text-align: justify;">Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research (JEEMR) International specialized Refereed scientific journal The Faculty of economics, Commercial and sciences management University of Laghouat Amar Tledji- Algeria JEEMR Journal of Excellence for Economic and Management Research (JEEMR) is a specialized international scientific journal issued by the Faculty of Economic and Commercial Sciences and Management Sciences. the University of Laghouat, Algeria, Issued since 2017 . It is a scientific theoretical and intellectual addition to various subjects of economics and administrative sciences. It contributes to the dissemination of original and specialized scientific researches to all academics and university professors. In economic and other related sciences, with special attention to applied and analytical studies based on objectivity, scientific level, accuracy and degree of documentation.</p> كلية العلوم الاقتصادية والتجارية وعلوم التسيير _ جامعة عمار الثليجي بالأغواط _ الجزائر en-US Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2572-0171 The impact of solvency indicators on financial performance An applied study on Libyan insurance companies http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2020 <p><strong>&nbsp; </strong>The insurance sector is considered one of the most important sectors in any country because it contributes and supports the gross national product. Accordingly, this study aims to examine the impact of some solvency indicators on the financial performance of Libyan insurance companies during a five-year period. To achieve this purpose, the study adopted the descriptive-analytical approach, the data was gathered from the published financial statements of five Libyan insurance companies during the period from 2013 to 2017. Descriptive statistics were applied such as means and standard deviations. Also, inferential statistics were employed by applying the correlation analysis and the stepwise multiple regression to determine which variables should be included in or excluded from the model. The results showed that there is an effect of the net premiums written to the shareholders' equity ratio on the financial performance. The study results also showed there is no influence of the change in net premiums written and the technical provisions to current assets ratio on the financial performance.</p> ABDULFATAH OTMAN ALARIBI ADEL ABDULAZIZ SOLTAN ISSAM ABDULHAFID ABDULSALAM Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 13 28 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2020 Mecanisms governance in banks and financial risk management (case of Tunisian banks) http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2019 <p>This thesis focuses on the study of the mechanisms of governance in banks and their role in reducing the banking risks, in order to avoid the crises that can affect this sector and the global economy as a whole. The Board of Directors was chosen as an internal governance mechanism while the researcher tried to determine the impact of its characteristics on the liquidity risk of banks. Thus, an econometric study was conducted on a sample of ten Tunisian banks listed in the market during the period extending from 2007 to 2016.</p> <p>&nbsp;Our results show that each of the CEO, independant directors , institutional investors within the Board of Directors, as well as the size and the capital of the Bank, have a negative impact on the liquidity risk of the banks. On the other side, we found that there is a positive relationship between the liquidity risk and the state directors and unemployability rate</p> AMAL HADDOU Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 29 46 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2019 The Impact of Perceived Organizational Justice on Negative Work Behaviors - A Field Study at The Public Institution for Neighborhood Health in Jijel - http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2025 <p>The study aimed to identify the level of the organizational justice (distributive justice, procedural justice, practical justice) among the workers at the public institution for neighborhood health 40 Hectare in Jijel, and to measure their attitudes towards practicing negative work behaviors. It also aimed to identify the impact of organizational justice on negative work behaviors. To achieve the goal, a questionnaire was designed for the purpose of collecting&nbsp; the data. through a sample of 34 employees who were randomly chosen. The data collected through questionnaire was subjected to a number of statistical methods by using (SPSS). The descriptive analytical approach was adopted in the study.</p> <p>The most important results found by this study is the presence of an average level of feeling of organizational justice, as well as a low level of negative work behaviors. In addition, the study did not reveal any significant effect of the dimensions of organizational justice on negative work behaviors</p> hassiba .DJEBLI Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 47 66 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2025 The Impact of person-organization fit on knowledge sharing with organizational commitment as a mediating variable: A field study http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2026 <p>This study aims to investigate the impact of person-organization fit on knowledge sharing in the Algerian water company - Unit of Boumerdes. The study also examines the mediating role of oganizational commitment between person-organization fit and knowledge sharing. To achieve these aims, a descriptive approach was used and data were collected through questionnaires. PLS-SEM, using SmartPLS, was applied to analyze the data. The study results indicated that person-organization fit has a positive effect on knowledge sharing. Moreover, the results showed that organizational commitment mediates the relationship between person-organization fit and knowledge sharing. Based on these results, a set of recommendations and suggestions were developed.</p> ADEL BEN AMRA AHMED DORBAN ABDELKAREM TEGUAR Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 67 84 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2026 The Impact of Applying Social Responsibility on Improving Profitability -A Case Study of The Laghouat Mills Corporation http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2027 <p>This study aims to highlight the impact of the application of social responsibility and its various dimensions on improving profitability, from this point, we used the survy method by designing a questionnaire, which was distributed to a sample of Laghouat Mills Corporation workers, and using the <strong>SPSS 21</strong> program to process and anlyze the results.</p> <p>One of the important results is the presence of a statisticlly significant effect of applying social responsibility on improving profitability, while there is no statistically significant effect for each its dimension separately, except for the ethical demension. Accordingly, it is necessery to recommend the necessity of activating the social and economic role of Laghouat Mills Corporation and improving its environmental practices not to mention its behavior towards its workers</p> amina dalal maache ben terbah ben terbah Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 85 104 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2027 use the matrix swot analysis to show” Strength- weaknesses/opportunities-threats in multinational companies case study” MCDONALDS http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2038 <p>&nbsp; The importance of the present study comes from the importance of its topic.The aim of this research paper is to address and highlight the role of using the SWOT as an analysis tool by multinational companies. Furthermore, to achieve this aim, this study relied upon previous studies which dealt with the topic.On this basis, the study followed the descriptive and analytical approach which was relied upon in order to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. In addition to that, the study also aims to identify the persistence of these companies on the international level. As a conclusion, the most important role of using the SWOT as an analysis tool in multinational companies is the contribution&nbsp; it&nbsp; offers to know the strategy&nbsp; adopted by those companies</p> amel bensotra nawal chicha Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 105 118 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2038 Crowdfunding as an alternative mechanism to financing Start-ups (Succesful global models and Evidences from Algerian) http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2039 <p>The main obojective of this research paper is to study the importance of Crowdfunding Platforms as an additional financail resource alternative to financing emerging institutions and entrepreneurial businesses as a source of funding commensurate with the capabilities available to small and marginaliaed enterprises by traditional banks.</p> <p>And that by presenting some successful experiences in the field of Crowdfunding Platforms.</p> <p>The most important of this study are: Crowdfunding adapts to Algerian Startups and innovative projects, as it's an alternative solution to finance, Crowdfunding contributes to raising the levels of project implementation on the ground effectively by providing the necessary for the actual completion and implementation of project...</p> lamia abdi messaoud amir maizza Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 119 136 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2039 Analytical study of foreign exchange reserves in Algeria during the period (2000-2019) http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2040 <p>This study aimed to know the reality of reserves in the Algerian economy, it is a basic focal point in determining the reality of targeted economic strategies, according to the financial capabilities available in the midst of the growing severity of the global financial crises that threaten economic entities, and it led to the financial boom in the oil economies, with the accumulation of huge amounts of foreign funds and the emergence of differences between writers and economists about the considerations of the trade-off between return and liquidity with risk, to crystallize the idea of common interests of developed countries in developing underdeveloped economies, this necessitated the need to discuss areas of using foreign exchange reserves in the Algerian economy, as well as searching for the determining factors for the accumulation of these reserves in order to reach the goals that the state seeks to achieve on the ground in the short, medium and long term, in the end, it was concluded that the increase or decrease in the size of foreign exchange reserves, it is fully linked to fluctuations in oil prices, in another meaning, the higher the oil price, the greater the foreign exchange reserve, vice versa.</p> ibrahim lakhdari imad rezazi Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 137 154 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2040 Endowment banks as a mechanism to activate the endowment of money in Algeria http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2041 <p>This topic deals with the study of the possibility of establishing endowment banks based on the permissibility of endowment of money in Islamic jurisprudence, within its organizational framework, which is based on defining the concept of the endowment bank and how to establish these banks and how to manage them</p> <p>&nbsp;And through its applied framework, using the experience of the Turkish Endowment Bank and contemporary applied economic studies, and trying to use them in order to find a practical framework for activating the endowment of money in the Algerian legal and economic system</p> mousa salmi Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 155 172 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2041 The effectiveness of entrepreneurial education in spreading and promoting the entrepreneurial culture in the Algerian University An exploratory study of the Entrepreneurial Houses managers’ opinions in some Algerian universities http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2042 <p>The study aims to analyze the impact of entrepreneurial education in spreading the culture and promotion of entrepreneurship in the Algerian University by analyzing the opinions of the managers of the Entrepreneurial House in some Algerian universities, the latter which contributed to spreading the entrepreneurial thought among the students who are about to graduate. The study relies on the questionnaire analyzed by the SPSS statistical program.</p> <p>Finally, the study concludes that business education at the Algerian University is a solid ground for developing youth knowledge that reflects positively on small and medium enterprises developed through personal, administrative and technical skills.</p> amal mahawa farah khaldi Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 173 190 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2042 The impact of information and communication technology on the application of knowledge management -Case study of Optimum Telecom Algeria "Djezzy-" http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2043 <p>Our research paper, this study, seeks to identify the impact of information and communication technology on the application of knowledge management in Optimum Telecom Algeria "Djezzy". We used the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to analyze the questionnaire data. To achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was designed and developed for the purpose of collecting data from the research sample members. A set of statistical methods were used to analyze the data statistically. The study concluded that there is a high level of information and communication technology and knowledge management. In Optimum Telecom Algeria "Djezzy", there is also a positive effect between these two variables, and the study recommends the need to create appropriate working conditions and enhance information and communication technology in order to enhance and ensure the success of modern administrative approaches.</p> fatima zohra aisaat taha yacin merbah Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 191 210 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2043 strengthening organizational development practices for the application of electronic managementA field study: The National Social Security Fund in Djelfa (CNAS) http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2044 <p>The study aimed to know the extent to which organizational development practices enhance the application of electronic management at the National Social Security Fund in Djelfa, and to measure organizational development, its three approaches (organizational structure, technology and behavioral aspect) were relied upon as an independent variable, and electronic management as a dependent variable, and through previous studies on the subject We designed a special questionnaire based on the approved study model, then we distributed it to a random sample of 32 employees, and after conducting several statistical tests and analyzing them based on the spss program, the conclusion was reached that there is a statistically significant effect at the level of morale (0.05) for organizational development on the electronic management of the institution in question.</p> mohamed khaldi tarek hazrechi amina hairech Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 211 230 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2044 Analog test of the relationship in the impact of inflation rates on Algeria's economic growth in (1990-2019) http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2045 <p>This paper studies the nature of the economic relationship between inflation and economic growth in Algeria during the period (1990-2019), which was characterized by the implementation of a program of economic financial and administrative reform for the transition from a directed economy to a market economy under the directives of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank;</p> <p>The study concluded that there is a negative long-term relationship between the two variables with high flexibility and a positive relationship in the short term, and Inflation rates disproportionately affect economic growth. The study also found that the monetary authority should target appropriate inflation rates according to the prevailing economic situation in order to stimulate &amp; increase economic growth rates, and limit its aggravation to ensure macroeconomic integrity</p> sara djoubar mohamed kouider Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 231 248 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2045 Quality problem solving with PDCA cycle http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2046 <p>This study identified that is very essential to apply the PDCA cycle for solving problem quality in any organization, regardless its type or size.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; PDCA cycle and basic quality tools were used to analyze the quality problems and implement a successful solution. PDCA cycle is an iterative four steps managing technique, the Plan phase consisted of investigating the problem. The Do phase consisted of implementing the corrective actions and the effectiveness of the improvements were verified in the Check phase. The final phase of PDCA was Act where other opportunities for implementing the corrective actions would be sought. In every phase of PDCA cycle, we need to use the seven basic quality tools.</p> Boulesnane Foulla Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 249 268 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2046 Impact of shale gas on cointegration between natural gas and crude oil prices http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2049 <p>Several recent studies establish that the prices of crude oil and natural gas are cointegrated. Yet sometimes in the past many voices have noted that the two sets of awards appear to have "decoupled".</p> <p>This article explores the cointegration relationship between the prices of natural gas (HH) and crude oil (WTI) in the United State, using econometric models (VAR, VECM) during the period from January 1997 to September 2020, which is experiencing several structural ruptures. The production of natural gas has recorded strong growth attributable to shale gas which depends more on liquid than on dry gas, the prices of which are strongly linked to the prices of crude oil, it is therefore possible to draw inspiration from the American experience in order to, to study the impact of shale gas for producing countries in general and Algeria in particular.</p> Meriem BRAHIMI Boubakeur BENLAIB Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 269 284 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2049 The e-commerce tax: between the inevitability and ingenuity of tax erosion http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2053 <p>&nbsp; Since the advent of electronic commerce, states have observed a significant lack of tax revenue due to certain equal and sometimes illegal practices, which hase created a serious imbalance in their functioning. Consequently, this paper will try to explain this &nbsp;process of erosion used in this direction as well as the response of &nbsp;the states to remedy it. Our objective will be to ecplain and highlight the consequences of inadequate taxation in electronic commerce as well as &nbsp;the challenges they are associated with, to arrive at the final result which confirms that tax avoidance techniques are only the result of a legal vacuum. Which eccentue the need to adapt &nbsp;this tax system to this change in order to fight against this tax erosion, and to protect the various actors.</p> Dehbia BELAID Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 285 300 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2053 The effect of organic production labels on Algerian and foreign consumers: the case of "Deglet Nour" dates http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/jeemr/article/view/2055 <p>The interest of this work relates to the study of the behavior of consumers towards Algerian products from organic farming (product with an organic production label) and trying to highlight the motivations and reasons that drive the consumers to consume these products over others. To get closer to reality, it was useful for us to set up a questionnaire to examine the theoretical data by developing an instrument for measuring the variables of the questionnaire. For the validation of the hypotheses previously set, we used the SPSS software for the data processing and arrived at the conclusions which stipulate that the behavior of the consumer towards products from organic farming is influenced by the knowledge variable of the product and the variable confidence in this product.</p> Ourdia CHALLAL Radia TAGNITHAMMOU Lamara HADJOU Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Excellence for Economics and Management Research 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 5 2 301 316 10.34118/jeemr.v5i2.2055