Social Sciences Journal 2020-11-04T22:13:14+00:00 Bentahar Tidjani Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Social Sciences Journal</strong> (SSJ), with <strong>ISSN: 1112-6752</strong>, is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, Bi-annual and free of charge, open-access academic journal, published by the Faculty of Social Sciences – University Amar Telidji of Laghouat - Algeria. The journal focuses on topics related to Humanities and Social Sciences e.g. psychology, sociology, philosophy, educational sciences, demography ... etc. SSJ provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers to contribute their original and innovative work in the domains covered. The journal carries original and full-length academic articles that reflect the latest research and developments in practical aspects of the mentioned fields of research. Our journal is published in both printed and electronic versions. The electronic version can be accessed and downloaded freely. All researchers around the world are very welcome to publish their work in our Journal. Manuscripts can be sent at any time in two languages (Arabic and English) for the two issues (March and September) of each year.</p> Contributing factors to early divorce within the Palestinian community from the divorcees' perspective 2020-11-02T20:03:38+00:00 Ahmed Mohamed Alrantisi <p>The study aimed to determine Contributing factors to early divorce within the Palestinian community from the divorcees' perspective, study was applied to the female and male attendants on the Sharia court in Gaza, the Saraya branch, and the Directorate of Social Development in Gaza and they number (87). The results of the study found that higher of contributing factors to early divorce within the Palestinian community. It is represented by psychological factors, followed by economic factors, social and cultural factors, and finally health factors. The study also found statistically significant differences at (α ≤ 0.05) in contributing factors to early divorce from the divorcees' perspective, attributed to the age variable, for the benefit of the elderly (18) years and under, while the study indicated that there were no statistically significant differences at (α ≤ 0.05) in contributing factors to early divorce from the divorcees' perspective, attributed to the variable of the educational level and the variable of monthly income.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal Body images in a child with hearing impairment - Study on some cases in the school of deaf dumb Biskra 2020-11-02T20:05:34+00:00 Amal Bouaicha Mounira Slimani <p>The aim of this study was to identify the perception of body image of the deaf child, based on the English curriculum. We chose three cases from the deaf school in the city of Biskra, Algeria, based on the man's drawing test, which we applied to the study cases. The deaf child has a disorder in the body image</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal The manifestations of social marginalization in Tunisia and the problem of protection and inadequate care following the political changes after the events of 2011 2020-11-02T20:09:44+00:00 Saad Alhafdaoui <p>The issue of groups with special needs and social marginalization is still one of the major national issues that have become politically confusing, socially fragmented, emotionally frustrating and economically embarrassing... Interventions in this area continue to be poorly supported, accompanied and followed up and do not meet the specific needs of these groups Which was referred to in some of the literature as “hard core". The high proportions of this phenomenon at the quantitative, qualitative and regional level were revealed to the public opinion after the Tunisian revolution, which revealed social groups suffering from misery and privation, lacking the most basic necessities of life. The plans for economic and social development have long been devised only on a number of occasions for political purposes, and therefore the development policies in this area have been temporary painkillers or a Seizia work that defines strong breakthroughs and vague ends.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal The assessment of the quality of university teaching skills among the teachers of the University of Batna 1 and 2 from their point of view 2020-11-02T20:23:51+00:00 Salhi Hanifa Nassima Boubakour <p>The aim of this study was to reveal the assessment of the quality of university teaching skills among the teachers of the University of Batna 1 and 2 from their point of view The researcher used the questionnaire of quality of teaching skills Khalid Khamis Al-Sar, which consists of 72 items distributed in four dimensions. The research sample consisted of 30 lecturers. The results showed that that the average estimates of the total aspects of university teaching skills among the lecturers. of the university of Batna 1 and 2 from their point of view reached an average level of quality at 277.57 by 77%, but it is approaching the quality level. The average of their estimations for planning skills reached the level of quality at81% and the same level for communication and communication skills at 79%. However, their estimates of the third aspect of the skills of evaluating student learning and feedback did not reach the level of quality but occurred within the average level of 70%.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal Effective communication within the university institution and its role in ensuring the quality of higher education - Sociological study 2020-11-02T21:18:27+00:00 Said Ziouche Tahar Boumadfaa <p>Communication at the University institution is not only important but also indispensable because it is the main pillar through which the good performance of all assigned tasks from the highest level to the below is ensured, so the communication is treated as a safety valve to improve the quality of the university in terms of The modern methods of communicating with the various actors in this institution from administrators, employees, professors, students and even from the various social partners who have a relationship with them, where the most important role of communication within them is to increase the value of the pedagogical performance of the student first class and then the preparation of the floor To the researcher on the one hand and provide mechanisms for the application of methods of communication for employees and administrators who are in charge of maintaining the general and common interests of the University institution.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal The foundations of CBT in psychotherapy in general and clinical psychology in particular 2020-11-03T22:28:08+00:00 Leila Chibani Samira Alaka <p>The development of psychotherapy throughout history with many research and theoretical and applied models, especially that dealt with psychological disorders in their symptoms and research on ways to treat them, resulting in the emergence of many treatments, including cognitive behavioral therapy, which has become very effective in alleviating many of the symptoms diagnosed by the therapist This research aims at clarifying the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy in the field of psychotherapy in general and in clinical psychology in particular.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal Administrative control 2020-11-03T22:25:22+00:00 Kamal Boudana Abdelali Debla <p>This study aims at highlighting the importance of one of the fundamental functions an administration needs, namely the administrative control and the role it plays in the achievement of the different objectives in each organism we proceeded, in our research, by presenting how administrative control&nbsp; functions, its tasks, methods, tools, fields as well as the steps needed, to ensure the condition for a good controlling system, thus, insisting on its importance and links with different administrative organisms such as planning, organization, orientation and coordination.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal Competencies based approach 2020-11-03T22:22:59+00:00 Hinda Ouazea Mustafa Aoufi <p>We are in era where knowledge and facts are changing in an unprecedented way throughout mankind history. These changes require a fundamental shift in the concept of learning. Instead of the traditional approaches based on the academic content characterized by the transfer of static knowledge from the teacher to the learner and requiring him to retrieve the information he absorbed, the constructive approach came to make learning a living process based on the functional treatment of accumulated human knowledge in order to face cognitive and social problems directly seeking to solve them.</p> <p>It was found that this strategy serves the student by developing his skills to respond to new requirements in all domains. It also serves the society in all aspects of life, especially the economic and social sides</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal Linguistic geography, Subject and fields of research 2020-11-03T22:18:11+00:00 Zoubir Benaoun Mohamed Der <p>This research paper aims at presenting and analyzing what is geo-linguistics and the subject and field of research, and methods and techniques of applied field research, as well as the most important issues and issues addressed by this science such as the preparation of the language atlas, linguistic planning, information systems, and exposure to talk about the reality of linguistic geography in the country Arabic, by putting forward its use in linguistic, social, economic and cultural issues. Its practical applications and the benefits of its application to our contemporary societies, with respect to the official language, the local language and the diverse and multiple dialects that vary according to regional and geographical differences. After research, we concluded that geography is one of the sciences that are required to be practiced and applied in our Arab countries because of its benefits on all areas of life.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal The role of administrative communication in decision-making in the organization 2020-11-03T22:15:05+00:00 Boudali Benaoun Boulerbah Zorget <p>Communication is of the utmost importance today in modern organizations, as the communication process must be taken care of in order to achieve the desired goals, as it represents the backbone of any organization, through which information, ideas, plans and opinions are provided, and it is the link between the organization and the workers and the outside world in which it is located. And any deficiencies in the communication system that would disrupt or delay the work process of the organization, just as the administrative decisions taken from the essential tasks and the basic functions of the manager, and these decisions all relate to the communication process and the extent to which it provides information (type, quantity, and clarity), which is what gives the manager Elka D ability to understand and analysis of the available information and make decisions it good</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal The legal mechanisms and international institutional procedures responsible for promoting cultural heritage protection 2020-11-03T22:13:03+00:00 Hakim Kehahlia Mourad Mahdi <p>This study deals with the concept of mechanisms for the protection of cultural heritage through a set of international legal texts (conventions) concerning the promotion and protection of cultural heritage as a national asset. Moreover, the link between its present and its past.</p> <p>In addition to the most important institutions and international organizations charged with the protection and promotion of cultural heritage and ways to activate the mechanisms of protection applied to this cultural property</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal The Role of Arab Bourgeoisie in Consolidating State-Centric Political Economy Model in the Arab World 2020-11-03T22:08:32+00:00 Rabah Zeghouni <p>By analyzing the functions of the bourgeois class in economic development and democratic transition, this article seeks to appreciate the role of Arab bourgeois class in devoting the state-centric model of political economy in the contemporary Arab state. The article raises the problem of the comparability of Arabic and European bourgeois in carrying out these functions, assuming differences in the circumstances of their rise and the relationship to power. The article concluded that the Arab bourgeoisie could not be relied upon to have a role in promoting economic development and political democracy; because its status in Arab social structure has always been special, and cannot be compared to bourgeois status in western regimes, which has contributed more to the consolidation of the Arab state’s political economy model based on rent and authoritarian.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal La mobilité partagée à Alger : enjeux et perspectives 2020-11-03T22:05:30+00:00 Narimene MIMOUNE Mohamed Amine BELAIDI <p>Dans des villes denses tel qu’Alger, nous pouvons faire des paris éclairés&nbsp;que l'amélioration de la mobilité découlera dans les solutions propres et rentables,&nbsp;en particulier les services de mobilité partagée (covoiturage, vélo en libre-service...), ce qui réduira la grande dépendance envers la voiture particulière.</p> <p>La spontanéité qui caractérise la mobilité partagée rend difficile son encadrement juridique, sauf que le développement d’un transport durable passer inévitablement par ces modes doux.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal La genèse du burnout en milieu psychiatrique : le cas de l’hôpital psychiatrique de Sidi Chami d’Oran, Algérie 2020-11-03T22:02:47+00:00 Sarra Samra BENHARRATS <p>La souffrance en milieu psychiatrique prend plusieurs aspects et touche à la fois le soigné et le soignant. Quand elle touche ce dernier, on fait référence souvent à l’épuisement professionnel ou dit le burnout, qui reste parfois méconnu, sous-estimé, voir paradoxal dans ces structures de soins qui traite la souffrance psychique. Mon exercice en milieu psychiatrique en tant que médecin spécialiste, m’a permis de voir cette souffrance auprès de mes collègues et d’essayer de la décrypter sous un angle sociologique autre que médical. Dans cet article, nous exposons une enquête sociologique basée sur une étude qualitative, réalisée à l’établissement hospitalier spécialisé (EHS) en psychiatrie de Sidi Chami d’Oran, Algérie, au cours de l’année 2016. Et ce, en ayant comme objectif l’analyse de l’épuisement professionnel en milieu psychiatrique et la recherche des déterminants potentiels de la genèse de cette souffrance au travail.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal Educational Reforms and EFL Teaching at Algerian Middle and Secondary Schools 2020-11-02T23:13:30+00:00 Mustapha GASMI <p>Nowadays schools face enormous challenges. In response to a very complex society and a technology-based economy, schools are required to meet the new standards and educate students to higher academic standards than ever before. Besides, the goal of higher education in Algeria is to impart knowledge and skills to an increasing proportion of the population for future professional, academic and social leadership for the country. The present work reviews the literature on the evolution of pedagogical theories from the lecturer style to the development of a blended learning environment. It starts by providing an overview about the current learning theories. It then sheds some light on the status and role of English in Algeria. The important role of learning English as a foreign language, with special focus on English composition teaching, is also discussed. The educational reforms that were led by both the Algerian Education Ministry are highlighted focusing on the methods and innovations newly adopted.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal Organizational conflict and its management: A theoretical analysis 2020-11-04T22:13:14+00:00 Riad Mohamed LEBRAGUE Soumia BENAMAR Youcef Zakaria RAHMANI <p>The subject of organizational conflict has attracted the attention of both academic researches and professional managers in the field of business due to its significant contribution to the wellbeing of the work environment.&nbsp; As well as the effect it causes to the relationship between employees, and between staff and their supervisors.&nbsp; Therefore, this paper aims to discuss in general the topic of organizational conflict by focusing on its definition, sources that generate it, and its escalation phases.&nbsp; Furthermore, this article debates the styles of managing conflict between individuals, and highlights the important role that organization’s management should play in conflict situations and why.</p> 2020-09-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences Journal