Social Sciences Journal <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Social Sciences Journal</strong> (SSJ), with <strong>ISSN: 1112-6752</strong>, is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, Bi-annual and free of charge, open-access academic journal, published by the Faculty of Social Sciences – University Amar Telidji of Laghouat - Algeria. The journal focuses on topics related to Humanities and Social Sciences e.g. psychology, sociology, philosophy, educational sciences, demography ... etc. SSJ provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers to contribute their original and innovative work in the domains covered. The journal carries original and full-length academic articles that reflect the latest research and developments in practical aspects of the mentioned fields of research. Our journal is published in both printed and electronic versions. The electronic version can be accessed and downloaded freely. All researchers around the world are very welcome to publish their work in our Journal. Manuscripts can be sent at any time in two languages (Arabic and English) for the two issues (March and September) of each year.</p> Faculty of Social Sciences - University Amar Telidji of Laghouat - ALGERIA en-US Social Sciences Journal 1112-6752 Sociological perception of the concepts of health and disease <p><em>A person's health is the true measure of his happiness, well-being, and activity. Likewise, health carries a deep reality within it, and it is the basis for the continuity of life. An individual cannot practice his life and perform his usual activities without enjoying sound health. There is no doubt that the person who enjoys success in practicing his profession and specialty is the one who He enjoys vitality, activity, and happiness in his relationships with other individuals, because the success of individuals and their superiority requires a healthy body and high health in order for their lives to be crowned with success, which is what made man seek new and advanced discoveries in terms of technology and progress in order to harness them for his healthy life, as these discoveries help to Depositing more ways and methods that make him practice his life with full vitality, active movement, and appreciation of his physical and intellectual energy, and this can only be achieved by practicing sound healthy lifestyles. Being the real guarantee for improving the health of the individual in particular and society in general</em></p> Malika ARAOUR AMRI Aida MEGUELLATTI Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 1 11 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3690 The problem of health, disease and chronic disease has been understood as care and prevention <p><em>Our study came with the aim of shedding light on the importance and the great place that health occupies throughout different ages and civilisations, starting from cultural practices within religious rituals and beliefs, to the era of technology, modernity and postmodernism, which considered that concern for health is one of the sings of greening and progress, which made it attract the attention of many researchers and scientists in various fields of health, similar to the fields of social and human sciences in general, and sociology in particular, seeking to discover the causes of diseases and ailments of all kinds, and chronic diseases in particular, in order to eliminate them and or reduce them, reduce their severity and prevent them based on strategies through which he seeks to take care of chronic patients and raise the level of awareness of individuals, sociologists interest in health was evident through their attempt to develop a comprehnsiv&nbsp; interpretation of the reality of health and disease for society, according to the various backgrounds and factors behind the problem of health and disease</em></p> Leila KEKOUCHE Fairouz MIZABI Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 12 21 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3691 Theoretical approaches to health sociology <p><em>The late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries witnessed a rapid development in various kinds of sciences about the health and pathological aspects of human beings, namely medical sociology, which was concerned with both social and medical aspects of the individual's life, society and disease. And the first was the interest in sociology, including a branch of sociology that is medical by specialized doctors. They cautioned the importance of studying the phenomena of society in the health and medical aspects of diseases and treatments and the relationship of society and sociology with medicine in various phenomena and measures and social conditions that it takes to treat health and disease problems and attention to human beings in two concurrent ways that cannot be biologically separated. (Physical) and physiological (emotional) as the body is a "vital field" of medical science compatible with the complexities and complexities of different social contexts, And trying to formulate sociological approaches to health, which will highlight the diversity of theoretical jurisprudence on the subject, which is essentially due to multiculturalism, groups and individuals, as well as to different levels of progress in the medical and scientific fields, The underlying principle on which most approaches agree remains the attempt to understand medical practice conditioned on its status within its distinct cultural and social format.</em></p> Laid GAADA Saadia KANDOUCI Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 22 33 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3692 A conceptual introduction to what health and chronic diseases are <p>Chronic diseases are health problems that lie within the human body and continue to live with it throughout&nbsp;&nbsp; his life after infection with it, as they are diseases that last for long periods and develop slowly in most cases, and there are types of these chronic diseases, and with the spread of, for example, the Corona epidemic, the owners of these diseases have become among the categories&nbsp;&nbsp; According to the World Health Organization and published on its official website, chronic diseases are at the forefront of the most important causes of death in the world, as they stand behind the occurrence of more than 63% of the total annual deaths, and a quarter of all people who lose their lives as a result of Infection with chronic diseases under the age of 60 years, and this is what we will discuss in this research paper, as we will address the definitions of the concept of health and chronic diseases in the field of specialization</p> Toufik BOUKHDOUNI Elaid CHERIFA Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 34 41 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3693 Social pressures and their impact on health and illness in contemporary societies <p><em>This study aimed to identify social pressures and the extent of their impact on human health and disease in contemporary societies, where the rapid political, economic, social and cultural changes in modern societies created a set of stressful events, which reflected negatively on the adaptation of individuals to these pressures, which resulted in a number of diseases according to the latest studies and research in the field of medical and psychological.&nbsp;Through this research paper, we have tried to address the concept of social pressures as a research angle, considering that the pressures to which humans are exposed in modern societies are many and numerous.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp; As we relied on extrapolating a number of research sources and relying on them to read the phenomenon from multiple angles, we touched on the concept of social pressures and their sources and the extent of their connection to contemporary societies compared to ancient societies, and we also tried to research the relationship between social pressures and the extent of their impact on health and disease and how the human being in modern societies suffers from a number of chronic diseases, which were largely associated with the extent of his exposure to various pressures, especially the pressures of daily life in general</em></p> Amina AGUENINI Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 42 54 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3694 Alzheimer's disease in Algeria: between the demographic burden and social marginalization <p><em>In our scientific paper, we will try to define Alzheimer's disease from the medical side, through a clinical description of the mechanism of disease and the course of symptoms. From the epidemiological side, we will review the contributing factors to the disease and its prevalence among the population, based on international medical studies and research related to dementia and Alzheimer's.</em></p> <p><em>We will also reveal the statistical reality of people with Alzheimer’s disease in the world in general, and Algeria in particular, through reports completed by international bodies such as the World Health Organization and the World Alzheimer’s Organization, in addition to revealing the social reality experienced by patients and their caregivers and their suffering with marginalization and social stigma</em><em>.</em></p> Naima AMEZIANE Mohammed BELLAKHDAR Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 55 64 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3695 Fast food and representations of health, body, what relationship? A field study with a sample of inhabitants of the city of Sidi Bel Abbes <p>It is noted nowadays that the nutrition pattern has underwent several changes, which is part of the social and cultural change of society as a whole. Perhaps the most important of them is what touches on food issues and its records, cooking and its techniques, taste and its determinants, nutrition and its habits and forms of its practice… etc</p> <p>In short, the symbolism and function of eating has changed and which has long been emphasized by anthropologists to a greater degree, and sociologists to a lesser extent on its importance in shaping the cultural characteristics and peculiarities of societies at different levels of development.</p> <p>Nutrition has become an industry with its own mechanisms and system, which are not necessarily in line with the symbolism and rituals of nutrition, thus, it is inconsistent with its social and cultural significance.</p> <p>Therefore, the aim of the article is to present elements of a different sociological thinking, which may give a greater understanding of the representations of the studied sample of the nature of the link between nutrition and the body. Although the concept of nutrition is a social and cultural product, it is at the same time a field of individual possibilities through their understanding and representation of nutrition and the body</p> Wahiba MAHIDA Zaoui FEKROUNI Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 65 79 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3696 Diabetes in the adolescent child and the problem of living with the disease A case study of a young man with diabetes <p><em>In reality, diabetes is defined as high blood sugar level, which has been confirmed to be a chronic condition that results from a deficiency of the insulin hormone. Besides, the insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas gland so as to help blood sugar enter the cells of the body, whereat it turns into energy that helps the body to move. However, in the event that a defect would occur in this hormone, insulin decreases in the human body, sugar increases in the blood, and then the body will be unable to benefit from it; at this stage, a functional imbalance occurs in the human body, which defect has countless symptoms that the patient must know. Moreover, there are also many types of diabetes, and the blood sugar level can increase or decrease, whereat in both cases a functional problem will occur in the human body. More to the point, diabetes differs from one category to another, bearing in mind that the diabetes of children is not similar to the one of adult people.</em></p> <p><em>In terms of treatment methods, they are different especially for insulin case, and the same applies for its symptoms, seeing that specific symptoms appear in case of low blood sugar, which different from these appearing in case of high blood sugar. Subsequent to which, such symptoms differ in each case and the treatment thereof is alike different. In virtue of which, we shed light, in this research, on a specific category of diabetic patients, who represent the category of adolescent children who suffer from the problem of diabetes, whether it is genetic or acquired, as the child must live in this case with the disease since he has a problem at the beginning of his own life and he has to accept, as consequence, the fact of his disease and follow the daily steps in his life, starting from taking medicines and keeping away from symptoms, the fact of which makes him different from other people as he suffers from this problem, either in the play areas, school or the sport halls. In the light of which, we really would like here to deal with this issue in our present research, through raising the following question: How do we enable the child to smoothly live with the disease without having health or psychological problems?</em></p> Mohamed BOUALIT Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 80 86 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3697 Health problems among people with chronic diseases in Algeria in light of the Covid-19 pandemic <p>We seek through this article to identify the causes and health problems that suffer from chronic diseases in Algeria. The fact that this chronically ill group within Algerian society requires the provision of health care and attention to health aspects, especially during the period of the spread of the Covid-19 epidemic. Where chronic diseases are considered as health problems inherent in the human body, and the patient continues to coexist with them throughout his life after infection with them according to healthy programs and diets, so that these diseases remain in line with the individual’s life throughout his life, and with the passage of time they often develop, and with the spread of the Corona Covid-19 epidemic. This type of patient has become very difficult to get infected with the virus, according to the World Health Organization. Where this disease often lasts for three months or more. It is also not transmitted from one person to another, and therefore chronic diseases cannot be prevented in general through vaccines or treated with medicines, nor do they disappear, but these diseases can be coexisted with and their symptoms managed.</p> <p>Thus, we aim, through this article, to reveal the health problems that this group of Algerian society suffers from, in light of the lack of means and capabilities, and this is due to the spread and exacerbation of the Corona pandemic around the world. We also seek to highlight the strategies adopted by the Algerian Ministry of Health to reduce these health problems among people with chronic diseases, by providing attention and health care at all levels, relying on the descriptive analytical approach. Explaining the concept of chronic diseases, and highlighting the suffering and health problems of people with chronic diseases during the Corona Covid-19 pandemic. Without forgetting the measures and strategies taken by the Algerian government for people with chronic diseases in light of this pandemic.</p> Mohamed el amine bederina Mostapha AOUFI Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 87 106 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3699 Family neglect and its relationship to people with chronic diseases in Algeria (between suffering and continuity) <p>Health, as a general concept, is considered one of the greatest blessings that man searches for, as it occupied the interest of many researchers and those interested in the field of development. Precautions and precautions about that, especially chronic diseases, and the latter are considered diseases that accompany a person for a long period of his life, as they are reflected in aspects of his life, especially in terms of physical, social, psychological, and even perhaps economic, which generates family problems for this patient through his feeling of suffering as a result of social pathology Which may lead to family disintegration, as the dysfunction that afflicted the family is represented in the absence of a prominent role for this patient, especially if he supports a family, so the family here becomes preoccupied with searching for another economic source, which is what the patient here may feel neglected and makes him between two cases, either suffering and surrendering or Continuity and adaptation to the situation.</p> <p>Accordingly, and through the foregoing, this research paper came to monitor family neglect and its relationship to people with chronic diseases (between suffering and continuity).</p> Ahmed SOUICI Tahar BENDAHGANE Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 107 118 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3700 Occupational stress and its relationship to chronic diseases <p>At the present time, chronic diseases have become called diseases of the era, due to their spread all over the world among individuals, as they have become a large percentage among members of the Arab community, especially the Algerian community, due to their abnormal spread, and everyone has at least one chronic disease, regardless of some who suffer From more than one disease for several reasons, one of the most important of these reasons that we can refer to in the subject of our study is occupational stress and its relationship to these diseases in the city of Laghouat</p> Sid ahmed BENLAHBIB Kheira ZOUBIRI Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 119 129 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3701 The role of the social worker in caring for patients with chronic diseases <p>Medical social services play a great role in the process of ensuring patients with chronic diseases in providing them with resolving their problems and satisfying their medical needs, and this is evident through the application of medical social care programs and their support to reach the optimal treatment as a result of joint work between the doctor, the nursing staff, the psychologist and the social worker.</p> <p>The latter, which is the 'social worker', lies his role in doing any achievement or administrative achievement to accept people with medical centers and to carry out investigations and aspirations about the social conditions of the pathological condition and a visit to the people to spread awareness and health culture to prevent diseases, educate them, transfer external information and enrich the medical group with the necessary information the contribution to social sponsorship of patients.</p> Hanane BENSAADA Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 130 136 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3702 Social support and its relationship to the mental and physical health of patients with renal failure. A field study of a sample of renal insufficiency patients at the renal filtration center, Prof. Kamal Sehairi, Laghouat. <p><em>The progress of societies and the continuation of research in the human sciences led to the development of new techniques to examine the side effects of chronic diseases on the patient's psyche, and among these diseases is renal failure, which often results as complications of chronic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure. And chronic renal insufficiency affects the patient’s emotional and cognitive condition and his psychological and social compatibility, and thus the patient needs support and assistance from family, friends, hospital institutions, and psychological and social support institutions, i.e., what is known as social support that is related to mental and physical health of the patient and therefore his perseverance and compliance with treatment. Accordingly, this intervention came to reveal the problems suffered by patients with renal insufficiency and the relationship of social support with their psychological and physical health and their social compatibility through a study of a sample of patients with renal insufficiency at the Kidney Dialysis Center Professor Kamal Suhairi in Laghouat </em></p> Imad NBEG Houria LEBOUABI Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 137 145 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3704 Media coverage of the Pink October campaign Analytical study of the morning program on Sky News <p>The various media and communication are extremely important as it is a basic source of information, news and instant events for many different topics that concern public opinion. There are many media outlets that are working on the exclusive media coverage of these issues, whether economic, social and even healthy.</p> <p>relying on a guaranteed analysis curriculum for a group of videos that are concerned with the media coverage of the October campaign on the Sky News channel</p> <p>We have reached a set of the following results, where we found that the main goal of this coverage is an educational awareness and an introductory goal of the disease, but as for the language used, it is the classical Arabic language, whether by journalists or by the guests, while the user possibilities were mental being the most convincing and influential in Healthy field</p> Mounia DAHDOUH Khaoula SIAFA Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 146 155 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3705 The economic burden of diabetes and its relationship to quality of life A case study on a sample of patients with diabetes -Blida state as a model- <p>This scientific paper aims to reveal the relationship between the economic burden of people living with diabetes, which is one of the most chronic diseases in Algeria, especially in the world in general, and the quality of life. The researcher studied a case on a sample of people with diabetes consisting of five cases in Blida State, selecting his research vocabulary using the occasional inspection method procedures, and using the corresponding technique to collect data and information.</p> <p>The study found that the achievement of professional stability by the person with diabetes through a job position where he feels job security, guarantees him a decent wage and grants him privileges to the social security institution results in higher degrees of quality of life The more special and moral material support diabetes sufferers receive from their family members by providing them with health care, attention and assistance in the provision of medicines and foodstuffs, the more quality of life is achieved.</p> Miloud ELMOKREFI Ahmed MEKADEM Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 156 168 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3698 Chronic illness-related issues faced by a university professor and how they affect his performance <p>This study aims to highlight the challenges that a university professor faces as a result of chronic diseases, as well as how these issues affect how well he performs his teaching, supervising, and scientific research duties. It also aims to highlight how the performance of the university professor varies depending on the type of chronic disease. The study's findings showed a high level of problems brought on by chronic diseases, but that these problems had no impact on the professors' performance at work and that there were no statistically significant differences in career performance based on the type of chronic disease. The intentional sample used the snowball method and included 44 professors from the University of Laghouat.</p> El hadje aissa ZAIDI Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 169 185 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3703 Managing chronic disease in elderly patients in Algeria: the social interpretation of “illness”. <p><strong>Chronic disease is first and foremost a social event. It cannot be seen as a purely organic disorder. In fact, it is characterized by its disorganizing impact on all spheres of the patient’s social life. Faced with the disease’s various limiting disorders, the patient acquires a meaningful understanding of the </strong><strong>symptoms</strong><strong>, which are far from being extra-social data.</strong></p> <p><strong>The purpose of our work is to take an inside look at the manner in which patients interpret and define the symptoms accompanying the illness.</strong></p> <p><strong>The experience of pain is an important dimension in the management of chronic disease. It highlights the complexity of the different forms of logic developed by patients in their relationship with care. These can play a key role in the patient care process (therapeutic process, treatment, choice of medicine, etc...). They also highlight the many ways a patient can deal with illness.</strong></p> Fatima zohra BENAOUM Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 186 195 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3708 Some social needs of chronic diseases among older adults in ALGERIA : Analytical study approach <p><em>Beyond their fundamental health and daily needs, older people have a variety of care needs. Social care, safety and security, companionship, love, and respect are some of the demands that must be sufficiently met, particularly when dealing with chronic illness. It appears that older people in various societies have a lot of unmet care demands. It is imperative that these requirements be recognized and appropriately addressed within Algerian society.&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> Ali SADKI Ali BOUKHALKHAL Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 196 208 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3706 Urbanized Health Discourse: Chronic Diseases and Preventive Measures <p><strong>Along with the social and cultural challenges, the effects of increased urbanization on global food system are undeniable. As a matter of fact, the industrialized food system has emerged as an inevitable procedure to meet the pace of urban development. However, the ravages of such a policy not only have engulfed the individual’s health and the global food security but has reverberated across the environment as well.&nbsp; In Urban congregations, nutritious products; which are an essential human need; are considered mere commodities most of which are either of unknown origins or featuring harmful ingredients including fats and artificial sweeteners. And yet, such products are consumed at the expense of locally produced goods. In this pertain, this research paper delves into the urban health discourse in an attempt to explore the interaction between urbanization, with its social and environmental dimensions, and chronic diseases including: blood pressure, diabetes, gastrointestinal and respiratory diseases as well as to provide a comprehensive discussion of the most effective prevention measures to curb these diseases. </strong></p> Ismail BENALIA Copyright (c) 2023 Social Sciences journal 2023-11-15 2023-11-15 17 3(Special) 209 222 10.34118/ssj.v17i3(Special).3707