Bidayat http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/bid <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of</strong><strong> &nbsp;Bidayat (bid)</strong> (ISSN: 2716-8905. E-ISSN: 2716-8905) is an international, refereed quarterly academic journal issued by the University of Laghouat with double arbitration and review. It is an open source academic journal that publishes research, linguistic, literary, and critical studies and related matters, and intellectual research in the field of human sciences in general, as well as research and studies in international literature. ... The magazine receives serious research and studies in languages ​​(Arabic, French, English and Spanish). It is also interested in scientific and academic activities through national and international forums and conferences that meet the scientific and methodological conditions and rules that qualify it for publication.&nbsp; Our magazine aims with full confidence and pride to develop scientific research and knowledge, and to document the specialized academic scientific output. We want the journal to be a window for publishing original scientific production that will be presented in scientific councils and promotion committees, in accordance with the rules and regulations of promotion committees in Algeria and the Arab world, documented and trustworthy from That would promote</p> University Amar Telidji - Laghouat en-US Bidayat 2716-8905 Centralization of Sound-Derrida reads Claude Levi Strauss http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/bid/article/view/1608 <p>There are many reasons, according to Derrida, that make us reread the thought of Claud lévi- Strauss and most importantly thes are the few pages about writing that are of great importance, they generally declare a kind of language that the western thought a commitmente that contributed to its formation and to identify itself,&nbsp; Claud lévi -Strauss's structure is a vocal trend that should not be ignored which refers to ethnic intolerance based on the centrality of sound</p> خديجة سعيدي Copyright (c) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2021-01-29 2021-01-29 3 1 1 11 10.34118/bid.v2i3.1608 How did the Holy Quran preserve the existence of the Arabic language A study in the light of linguistic politics http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/bid/article/view/1609 <p>It is recognized that the Holy Quran preserved the Arabic language. However, this general rule must have logical steps that determines its value and importance, and reveals how the Qur’an preserves the Arabic language in a invaluable way, which is the preservation of its existence and life.</p> <p>&nbsp;The first of these steps is the answer to a question: What would have happened to the Arabic language without the Holy Qur’an? What would humanity have lost if you had lost the Arabic language? This will lead to an answer to the basic question: How did the Holy Quran preserve the Arabic language?</p> <p>These questions will be addressed in this article from a linguistic perspective in the light of linguistic politics, in order to show the role of the Holy Qur’an in converting Arabic from a besieged language into a diffuse language, and its role in creating the political entity and decision that preserved the existence of Arabic and pushed it into revival</p> عادل مْحَلُّو Copyright (c) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2022-01-29 2022-01-29 3 1 12 23 10.34118/bid.v2i3.1609 THE AESTHETIC OF ALGERIAN PROVERBS AND ITS ISLAMIC APPEARANCES http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/bid/article/view/1610 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The popular proverbs are a part of popular literature, as they contain characteristics that distinguish them from various literary forms, that they contain of human experiences in public life in society, where they come summarized in order to circulate and benefit of them, as well as a cultural patrimony of peoples, and it is like a true mirror that reflects the nature of their life; Because it expresses the reality of the different relationships, and groups within society With all transparency.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This article is an attempt to mention something of the aspects of caring for popular proverbs, and inducting it, and showing an important aspect of them, and what they contain of rhetoric and statement, power of depiction, and accuracy of words, while tracing the Islamic reference, and its values in Algerian popular proverbs, to discover the associated appearances and significances of the Algerian people, which reflects their culture, and reality at different levels.</p> صفية بن زينة صابرة صابرة بن قرماز Copyright (c) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2021-01-29 2021-01-29 3 1 24 35 10.34118/bid.v2i3.1610 Historical news and fictional narration are identical in the novel "The Prince's Book" by Wasini Laredj. http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/bid/article/view/1611 <p>The novel book of the prince writer by Wassini Laradj is seen as one of the most important historical novels due to its sublime artistic features and its transcendent ability to practice&nbsp; historiography. The novel has treated history as a background on which realistic aspects interact in various ways to build an imaginative historic narrative characterized by dynamism. Openness and a deployment of aesthetic elements. History is a realistic discourse while novels are creative artistic. Building on the nature of the two discourses. The present article aims at obsrrvinng and commenting on the close relationship found between history and novels. The interrelationships between what is realistic and what is imaginary. The cross between the artistic and the informative. A reliance is made on clarification of the mechanisms employed in the noval to use informative history inside a novel discourse.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> محمد سالمي Copyright (c) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2021-01-29 2021-01-29 3 1 36 49 10.34118/bid.v2i3.1611 Ideological criticism in discourse is a study in the light of the opaque theory http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/bid/article/view/1612 <p>the research tackled the problem of ideology and its relationship to the discourse, since the discourse is a social institution that should be committed to making its civilization, and it asked the search for what violence presented by the discourse contrary to the ideological pattern of society, and it examined how the speaker intensified the human, social, political and religious intentions and fused them into a multinational discourse.</p> <p>The research noticed the relationship of the discourse with the competencies of the speakers, and liberated the problematic of the research by activating the tacit apparatus with its references and requirements to reach the difference between the literal apparent and the linguistic connotation and decoded the coding in four logical stages, during which the effective ideological interpretive units were studied, and their relationship to the speaker's linguistic, deliberative and encyclopedic competencies, And the intention that guides it in the speech.</p> <p>&nbsp;The research uncovered invalid social and historical human models, and the speaker deliberately polarized his addressees by merging literary genders into a single gender. Inspiring the speaker to liberate the speaker in writing and reflecting his dream of liberation from the frozen culture. The discourse did not contain a pure ideology, but rather formed the atomic situation for this society and sought to create a new, more civilized culture by moving to discuss progressive issues that seek to build the future and freedom of man. By looking at, reviewing, and discussing social behavior that is tinged with tribal fanaticism, religious sectarianism, or political authoritarianism, and it turns out that ideology is included in the discourse as if it is a revolutionary horizon that is not fanatical, and it is confusing at first glance in its content and beyond its drama.</p> صالح بن سليمان بن ساعد الكلباني Copyright (c) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2021-01-29 2021-01-29 3 1 50 64 10.34118/bid.v2i3.1612 Social struggles in a novel teenage mood http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/bid/article/view/1613 <p>The novel has occupied an advanced position among the literary arts of our time, because it is a mirror reflecting what is happening in society, with the self-imprint of an author in the contemporary novel, and a teenage mood novel that showed diversity and congruence to what is happening in Algerian society in terms of social conflicts such as the ethnic conflict and is represented by the origins of the Algerian population From Arabs and Berbers, the generational struggle is represented by fathers and sons, the first generation and the second generation, the identity struggle is a struggle between the adherents to Western civilization and those who cherish the Algerian Arab-Islamic identity, the clash of religious currents and this is one of the most common conflicts, the struggle between women and men represented in masculinity and femininity and the attempt of women to prove Its existence, the struggle between the elite and the common people, meaning the struggle between science and ignorance, and others, in this paper I shed light on it by employing the descriptive analytical method, and compared it to what is happening in society, extracting the role of the Algerian novel in highlighting such conflicts.</p> سفراني سفراني Copyright (c) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2021-01-29 2021-01-29 3 1 65 77 10.34118/bid.v2i3.1613 The discursive approach and its role in the intentionality of the discourse. The writers' lectures by Ragheb Al-Isfahani as a model. http://journals.lagh-univ.dz/index.php/bid/article/view/1614 <p>This linguistic research came to apply one of the characteristics of the deliberative research, namely, the characteristic of the discursive approach of all kinds on excerpts from some selected boundaries from the Al-Ragheb Al-Isfahani Code as a rich linguistic legacy that carries among its aspects the unique and varied linguistic benefits on the one hand and on the other hand the attempt to adapt modern curricula to the Arab heritage texts In order to reach the extent of its aesthetics and the extent of its interaction with contemporary research, how not? The texts that have been dealt with depict the extent of the development of the literary era in linguistic output, which makes it our imagination that most of the current linguistic concepts are concepts present in our Arab thought, either by approach or simulation, and perhaps our Arab efforts are more accurate and comprehensive<strong>.</strong></p> معمر بن الغويني Copyright (c) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2021-01-29 2021-01-29 3 1 78 92 10.34118/bid.v2i3.1614